The important themes of the Hebrew Bible (also recognized as the Old Testament) certainly incorporate God, man, sin, righteousness, grace, covenant, law, atonement, and holiness. A final theme we will examine is the Messiah. Practically everybody would agree that these ten themes are amongst the most critical. Let's take a closer appear at every a single.
God – From its opening verse, the Hebrew Bible affirms the following critical truths about God: Concerning time he is timeless, with regards to energy he is limitless, and with regards to know-how he is infinite He is a single and not two or extra, He is creator not creature, and He is each loving and holy.
These traits, and lots of extra in addition to, define who God is, and lie at the heart of the Old Testament revelation of Him. He is mainly revealed, nonetheless, not in abstractions or propositions, but in connection with human beings.
Man – In contrast with God, human beings are restricted: they have a starting and are mortal, they have only restricted energy and know-how, and they are absolutely not usually loving and holy. To be certain, the history of humankind has some heroism and stories of noble thoughts and deeds, but it documents the sad history of failed possible, squandered possibilities, and perverted purposes.
The original pair of human beings comes into existence in connection with God, objects of His grace and really like and reflections of His likeness. Sadly, nonetheless, they give up their standing with the Lord. In the name of independence, they come to be slaves to sin, in will need of deliverance. The progress of their descendants reaches the climax when Genesis six says, “Every single inclination of the heart of man is only evil all the time.”
Sin – The Hebrew Bible reveals the nature of sin mainly in narrative type–in other words by telling the story of what occurred to genuine people today. Human beings have been made in a sinless state, even as even now they are born into the globe pure and innocent. Sinfulness is abnormal for human beings it is out of alignment with what God made us to be and to do.
Considering that we bear the image of God, sin is what ever contradicts God's personal nature. Since God is correct, lies are sin. Since God is holy, defilement is sin. Since God is really like, hatred is sin. Since God is unity, division is sin, and so on. This is ideal expressed in Leviticus 19:1, exactly where God says, “You have to be holy, for I am holy.” All by means of Leviticus, the moral precepts announced are tied once more and once more to the affirmation, “I am the LORD.”
Undertaking what is ideal and experiencing the blessing God brings with it is what the Old Testament implies by understanding that God is the LORD (see statements in Ezekiel and elsewhere more than and more than).
Righteousness – If sin is rebelling against reflecting God's nature in our lives, then righteousness is living in harmony with that nature. It is sustaining a connection of trusting obedience with God. Righteousness entails faith, but it also bursts forth from the loyal heart into faithfulness in one's stroll.
The Hebrew Bible describes the righteous individual as becoming devoted to God in with your heart, your soul, and your strength. A ideal connection with other human beings accompanies this ideal connection with God. The Old Testament portrays the righteous individual as treating other folks as they would want to be treated, with acting toward them as God would act.
Grace – Some readers have the impression that they will not encounter grace in the Hebrew Bible, that it only becomes a key emphasis in the New Testament. This impression is a false a single, dispelled by practically every single book of the Old Testament.
God's graciousness to human beings starts with the initially couple and continues as a continual theme in the Old Testament symphony. The LORD is “abounding in steadfast really like” and prepared to forgive to a thousand generations. Once again and once more He reveals His terrific patience and His tender mercy toward sinners. Sadly, some have only focused on passages in which He reveals wrath against sinners, a counterpoint melody to be certain, but a single that usually plays out in the context of covenant-really like and faithfulness.
Covenant – The sovereign, almighty, transcendent Creator-God is prepared to stoop to enter into agreements with human beings. These agreements are referred to as covenants, and they present considerably of the framework on which the Hebrew Bible unfolds.
The important covenants of the Old Testament incorporate the ones with Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses (and all of Israel), Aaron & Levi, and David. Every of these covenants entails promises God tends to make and expectations He has for the subjects of the covenant. The Hebrew Bible also appears forward to a New Covenant, which is what the New Testament is all about.
Law – The covenant God produced with the nation of Israel is referred to as the Law (Torah, or Law of Moses). In the Law, God rehearses the saving acts by which He has placed the nation of Israel in His debt and then challenges them to agree to reside in connection with Him, experiencing the blessings that attend that connection. Of course, He also warns them of the curses they will bring upon themselves if they break the covenant. Fundamental to the Law are the Ten Commandments, which lay out the fundamentals of living in harmony with God.
Atonement – Beneath that very same covenant with Israel, God supplied a implies of gaining forgiveness by means of a method of animal sacrifices. These offerings have been a way the believer had of removing offenses and pleading to God for a renewal of the close connection the sin produced not possible.
According to the Old Testament, atonement was only doable by means of the shedding of the blood of a great sacrifice. This laid the groundwork for the New Covenant's eternal sacrifice of the Excellent Lamb of God, Jesus Christ.
Holiness – In the Hebrew Bible, to be holy implies to be devoted to God. Holiness is a portion of God's nature and is imparted by Him to human beings in a ideal connection with him. God intends for all human beings to be holy all of the time. Sin, nonetheless, defiles us and puts us in will need of atonement so that we can be holy as soon as extra.
Messiah – The Old Testament anticipates the coming of the Holy 1 of God who would have a miraculous conception, reside a great life, serve as the perfect human becoming, and then voluntarily offer you up Himself as the as soon as-for-all sin providing so that human beings could be restored to God and produced holy once more.
More than a period spanning extra than 1,000 years, inspired prophets foretold elements of the life of this Holy 1. The accumulation of their predictions paints a great portrait of the birth, life, character, death, and even resurrection of Jesus Christ. Quite a few of these prophecies in the Hebrew Bible describe him as “the Anointed 1” (Hebrew: Meshiakh), or “the Messiah,” in maintaining with the practice in Old Testament instances of pouring olive oil on the head of a individual specially appointed by God to achieve His purposes.